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Making the Transition: How to Choose the Perfect E Vehicle for Your Unique Needs in India

Explore our guide to select the ideal electric vehicle in India. Assess the on-road price, features and more to make an informed choice
BhavikBhavik7-Nov-23 10:04 AM
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Making the Transition: How to Choose the Perfect E Vehicle for Your Unique Needs in India

Electric Vehicle Landscape in India

India is experiencing a significant shift towards

electric vehicles (EVs)

as an environmentally friendly and economically viable mode of transportation.

The country's efforts to combat pollution and reduce dependence on fossil fuels have led to a surge in the adoption of EVs. Understanding the momentum behind this shift, the environmental impact of traditional vehicles, and the

government initiatives driving the adoption of EVs

is crucial to contemplating this EV selection guide and making an informed decision about choosing the perfect EV for you.

Assessing the Environmental Impact of Traditional Vehicles in India

Traditional vehicles powered by internal combustion engines(ICE) contribute significantly to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. The dense traffic in Indian cities exacerbates this issue, leading to adverse health effects and environmental degradation. Every year, the pollution of cities like Delhi touches “severe” conditions reducing residents’ lives by 11+ years. By transitioning to EVs, individuals can actively contribute to reducing carbon emissions, improving air quality, and conserving natural resources.

Government Initiatives and Policies Driving the Adoption of E-Vehicles in India

The Indian government has implemented various policies and initiatives to accelerate the adoption of EVs. These include financial incentives, subsidies on EV purchases, and tax benefits. Additionally, the government has set ambitious targets for achieving significant EV penetration in the country, promoting domestic manufacturing and research and development in the EV sector.

Exploring the Electric Vehicle Benefits  

Electric vehicles offer several advantages over traditional vehicles. Firstly, they are more energy-efficient, converting a higher portion of the energy from the power source into propulsion. Secondly, EVs have lower operating costs due to the comparatively cheaper maintenance and the availability of government incentives. Lastly, EVs contribute to reducing air and noise pollution, making them environmentally friendly alternatives for personal transportation.

The Evolution of EV Infrastructure in India

One crucial aspect of the EV landscape in India is the development of charging infrastructure. In recent years, the government and private entities have been actively working towards establishing an extensive charging network across the country. The progress of EV infrastructure plays a pivotal role in determining the feasibility and convenience of EV ownership.

What does the market suggest?

According to industry studies, the Indian electric vehicle market was estimated to be worth $7 billion in 2021 and is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 28.93% to reach $30 billion by 2027. Another study states that in Q3 2022, worldwide EV sales increased by 71% YoY. Sales in India increased from 3.2 lakh to 10 lakh in 2022, a gain of more than 200% for the industry during this time (VAHAN statistics). With the flourishing market of battery-powered vehicles, stacks of EV brands and options have eclipsed the decision-making of consumers. So here is an EV selection guide through which you can make a smart decision 

Deal, Brand and Locality

With more than 200 EV brands available in the market, the current EV space in India is in the expansion stage. However, with the diminishing size of the government in the sector, EV-promoting policy assistance has been observed to be waiving over 

time. Hence, as subsidies and RTO benefits on EV prices slowly vanish there is a huge possibility that many brands and dealers will not be able to survive in the market. 

You as an EV owner should really trust the brand and the dealer, as the maintenance of an EV is formally done by the dealer only. For example- if the tire of your HUB motored EV has punctured the local mechanic will not be able to fix the problem for you, instead, you have to visit the dealer for your problem. 

As a study conducted in Britain by Liverpool Victoria’s breakdown division suggests that EVs are twice as vulnerable to tyre damage than any regular petrol vehicle, this is one of fewer problems you may encounter. So you must first search the service centre or observe the distance proximity to the dealer after choosing your brand. But again, have you chosen your brand?

What options of Brand do you have?

Generally, there are two categories of E2W-

Family scooters- Catering to simplistic needs and comfort, family scooters generally come with good bootspace and average performance.

Performance scooter- The high-speed and powerful performance scooters good for travelling long distances are categorized in this section

There are not many

EV companies

that have a pan-India network. You may live in a city where there are more options than in any other state or city. However, the big EV giants such as Ola, TVS, Ather, Hero and others have their networks almost all over India. To know how many options you have in your locality you can go to EVINDIA and apply the location filter.

Factoring in Budget and Affordability

Another crucial aspect of choosing the perfect EV is assessing the budget and overall affordability. Understanding the initial purchase cost, the impact of government incentives, and long-term cost savings is essential.

Understanding the Initial Purchase Cost of Electric Vehicles

While the initial purchase cost of EVs may be slightly higher than traditional vehicles, it is important to consider the total cost of ownership over the vehicle's lifespan. Factors such as fuel savings, maintenance costs, and government incentives can significantly impact the cost-effectiveness of EV ownership.

Evaluating the Impact of Government Incentives and Subsidies on EV Affordability

Government incentives and subsidies can make EVs more affordable and almost equal to the price of ICE vehicles. You can subscribe to EVINDIA to stay updated with the latest policies and can check whether the EV models you are considering are eligible for any financial support or tax benefits.

Analyzing the Cost of Charging and Maintenance

In addition to the purchase cost, it is essential to assess the cost of charging and maintenance associated with owning an EV.

Assessing the Cost of Charging at Home and Public Charging Stations

Charging costs depend on the electricity rates and the charging infrastructure used. Evaluate the cost of charging at home and public charging stations to gauge the long-term expense of running an EV. 

Evaluating Your Driving Habits and Range Requirements

Choosing the perfect EV requires carefully assessing your specific driving habits and range requirements. Understanding the distance of your daily commute, the need for long-distance travel, and the availability of charging infrastructure along your regular routes is essential.

Analyzing your regular commute distance is the first step in evaluating your EV needs. Consider the distance you travel on a typical day and whether it falls within the range of an EV. Additionally, assess your usage patterns, including frequent short trips or occasional long-distance travel, as this will impact the range requirements and charging frequency.

To determine your regular commute distance, track the distance covered during a typical week. Calculate the average to understand the range needed for your daily commute.

Once you have determined your need for regular travel, surf through your selected brand and carefully observe the power of the battery rather than the IDC range. Yes, you read it right! To have a deeper insight into the range of your chosen EV analyze the battery and your driving speed among your options according to your commute needs. 

For example, on travelling an average distance of 70km at a speed of 50kmph a 2kwh battery will be sufficient.  

However, THERE IS A CATCH! If you completely drain your battery after every use your EV’s battery life will reduce. So, it will be smart to choose a bit higher-powered battery than you need.

Evaluating Two-Wheeler Electric Vehicle Choices in India

Two-wheelers form a major part of the Indian transportation landscape. Assessing

electric scooter

and electric bike options is crucial for individuals considering EVs for personal transportation.

Assessing Electric Scooter Models and Their Specifications

Electric scooters like

Hero Electric Optima

, Ather 450X, and TVS iQube Electric are gaining popularity in India. Evaluate their specifications, including range, top speed, charging time, and features like smart connectivity.

Reviewing Electric Bike Options and Their Capabilities

Electric bikes such as

Revolt RV400

and Hero Electric Photon have made strides in the Indian market. Examine their specifications, performance, and suitability for different terrains and driving conditions.

Comparing the Pros and Cons of Different Two-Wheeler EVs in India

Compare the advantages and disadvantages of electric scooters and electric bikes based on factors like range, reliability, maintenance, and charging infrastructure availability.

Considerations for Infrastructure and Charging Solutions

Infrastructure and charging solutions play a significant role in the convenience and feasibility of owning an EV in India.

Evaluating the Availability of Charging Stations in Your Location

Access to charging stations is vital for hassle-free EV ownership. Evaluate the current charging infrastructure in major cities and explore initiatives that aim to expand charging infrastructure in rural areas. There are many companies which provide their app assistance to figure out the charging infrastructure in your locality such as Tata Power EZ Charge and many more. 

Leveraging Charging Solutions for Home Charging Convenience

Consider installing a home charging station for convenient overnight charging. Explore different options for home charging solutions and consider the compatibility of EV models with available charging technologies.

Does your EV have a removable battery?

If you do not live on the ground floor, you may choose to equip a removable battery over a permanent battery. Hence, while buying the vehicle do give your attention to battery specifications. Or you can ease your task just by calling our EV guru and getting some amazing electric vehicle buying tips.

Examining AC and DC Charging Methods for Electric Vehicles

AC (Alternating Current) and DC (Direct Current) are the two primary charging methods for EVs. Understand the differences between these methods and their respective charging speeds. Note whether your EV stores the charge in AC or DC as the charging time and battery capacity can vary according to it if you are relying on a household source of charging.

Assessing the Compatibility of Different Electric Vehicles with Charging Standards

Different EV models may have varying compatibility with charging standards. Research the compatibility of the EVs you are considering with prevalent charging technologies and standards in India, such as CHAdeMO or CCS.


Q1. How are electric vehicles priced in comparison to traditional vehicles?

Ans. Electric vehicles may have a higher upfront cost which is compensated with subsidies and other government assistance but it offer long-term cost savings due to lower maintenance and fuel expenses.

Q2. What range can I expect from an electric car in India?

Ans. The range of electric cars varies depending on the model and battery capacity, typically ranging from 150-400 km on a full charge.

Q3. What factors should I consider when installing a home charging station?

Ans. Consider the charging capacity, compatibility with your EV model, and the electrical infrastructure available in your home.

Q4. Are electric bikes suitable for long-distance travel in India?

Ans. While electric bikes offer range limitations compared to cars, they can be suitable for short to medium-distance travel and city commuting.

Q5. How rapidly is the charging infrastructure expanding in India?

Ans. The charging infrastructure in India is expanding rapidly, especially in major cities. Initiatives are also underway to improve charging availability in rural areas.

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